Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 72, 2022   -   Pages: 162-168
M.I. Miziuk1, Z.B. Suslyk1, V.I. Melnyk1, L.S. Hrechukh1

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Objective. The study of the peculiarities of the social and domestic living conditions, nutrition, and health status of students of a higher medical educational institution is based on sociological research.
Materials and methods. The study of the level of social and household conditions, nutritional features, health status, personal hygiene, and the spread of bad habits among 404 students of the 1st-6th years of the Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University was conducted based on the results of an anonymous survey based on a specially developed questionnaire.
Results. It was established that the influence of social and living conditions of living and studying on the psychophysiological condition of students mainly depends on the duration of the study (p<0.05). The level of social living conditions of medical university students is not optimal from the point of view of living conditions (7.9% of students live in unsatisfactory conditions) and material support (low amount of material income per family member). The sanitary and hygienic living and study conditions mostly meet the requirements.
A significant part of students (30.6%) often experience stressful situations and worry about the political situation in the country (38.7% of students).
In 60.8% of students, the diet is irregular and unbalanced with a violation of the regime and duration of meals. 36.7% of students do not consume or consume less than once a week fresh vegetables, fresh fruits 27.5%, meat products 22.5%, fish products 76.0%. Although the Prykarpattia region is endemic to iodine, only 60.2% of students regularly use iodized salt. The third part of students prefers "fast food".
Bad habits are widespread in the student environment: 10.2% of respondents regularly smoke tobacco, 10.7% of students drink alcoholic beverages, and 2.2% of students occasionally use narcotic substances.
Certain changes occur in the body of students as a result of a significant study load: the state of their health in percentages (from 0 to 100%) is rated by students as above average - 78.4%. They have a significant level (27.5%) of chronic diseases, which progressively increases during the period of study. At the same time, a significant severity of individual symptoms of diseases is noted, including headache, memory impairment, sleep disturbances, abdominal pain, fatigue and weakness, nervous tension, nervousness, decreased visual acuity, etc.
Conclusions. In the course of the conducted research, the peculiarities of the social and living conditions, nutrition, and health status of the students of the medical university were established.
Further dynamic observation and study of the quality of life of students in the conditions of pedagogical innovations are necessary for the development of measures to improve and optimize living and learning conditions.

Students of Medical University, nutrition, bad habits, state of health.

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Miziuk MI, Suslyk ZB, Melnyk VI, Hrechukh LS. Some characteristics of social and domestic conditions, food and state of health of medical university students. Hygiene of populated places. 2022;72:162-168. Ukrainian.