Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 70, 2020   -   Pages: 78-84
RADAR SYSTEMS OF SPECIAL PURPOSE AS POWERFUL SOURCES OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION IN THE ENVIRONMENT
V.A. Barkevych1, N.G. Nikitina1, L.A. Tomashevska1, V.Yu. Dumanskyi1, S.V. Bitkin1, S.S. Halak1, A.P. Bezverkha1
1 STATE INSTITUTION O.M. MARZIEIEV INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH NAMSU
https://doi.org/10.32402/hygiene2020.70.078

SUMMRY:
The work contains the results of the electromagnetic radiation at the location sites of the radio-engineering means for special purpose and the effect of this factor on health. The space time dissemination appropriatenesses of the electromagnetic radiation of the circular scanning radar of Dalemir type and vertical scanning radar of Vysotomir type have been determined with the help of personal elaborations and modern methods of the investigation. It was established that a real energetic charge on the family members and civil population living in the military settlements is greater nearly by 20 fold than for specialists supplying the radio-engineering means. This category of the population is a contingent of the elevated risk. The results of the biological and hygienic studies fulfilled on the laboratory white rats testifies that the electromagnetic radiation of the radio-engineering means for special purpose in different periods of the experiment causes the changes in the indices of nervous system, biochemical process of the immune system, reproductive function. On the basis of the fulfilled study the following hygienic standards for the population have been recommended: for the circular scanning radars 15 W/cm2 at 24 hours object radiation and 40 W/cm2 at 8 hours object radiation, and for vertical scanning radar 10 and 30 W/cm2 correspondently this. Other measures on the population health protection have been elaborated.

KEYWORDS:
electromagnetic radiation, radars for special purpose, biological effects, health of the population, hygienic standards, protection measures.

REFERENCES:
1. Dumanskyi V.Yu., Bitkin S.V., Serdiuk Ye.A., Medvediev S.V. Pro metodychni pidkho-dy do vyznachennia stanu elektromahnitnoho zabrudnennia ta yoho navantazhennia na naselennia [On Methodological Approaches to Determining the State of Electromagnetic Pollution and its Load on the Population]. In : Aktualni pytannia hihiieny ta ekolohichnoi bezpeky Ukrainy (somi marzieievski chytannia, 2011 r.) : zb. tez dop. naukovo-prakt. konf. [Current Issues of Hygiene and Environmental Safety of Ukraine (Seventh Marzieiev Readings, 2011): Coll. Thesis Add. Scientific Practice Conf.]. Kyiv ; 2011 ; 11 : 49 (in Ukrainian).
2. Dumanskyi Yu.D., Nikitina N.H., Dumanskyi V.Yu., Bitkin S.V. Elektromahnitne zabrudnennia navkolyshnoho seredovyshcha hihiienichna problema [Electromagnetic Pollution is a Hygienic Problem]. In : Dovkillia i zdorovia : mater. vseukr. naukovo-prakt. konf [Environment and Health: Mater. All-Ukrainian Scientific Practice Conf.]. Ternopil ; 2006 : 34-35 (in Ukrainian).
3. Dumanskyi Yu.D., Nikitina N.H., Dumanskyi V.Yu., Bitkin S.V., Halak S.S. Elektromahnitne zabrudnennia navkolyshnoho seredovyshcha medyko-profilaktychna problema [Electromagnetic Pollution is a Medical and Preventive Problem]. VI Mezhdunarodnyy simpozium Aktualnye problemy biofizicheskoy meditsiny [International Symposium "Actual Problems of Biophysical Medicine"]. Kyiv ; 2007 : 64-65 (in Ukrainian).
4. Dumanskyi Yu.D., Nikitina N.H., Dumanskyi V.Yu., Bitkin S.V., Semashko P.V., Tomashevska L.A., Zotov S.V., Bezverkha A.P., Serdiuk Ye.A., Halak S.S., Steblii N.M. Problema okhorony zdorovia naselennia vid nespryiatlyvoi dii faktoriv dovkillia, shcho stvoriuiutsia v protsesi ekspluatatsii aeroportiv tsyvilnoi aviatsii Ukrainy [Problem of Population Health Protection Against the Probable Action of Environmental Factors, Created in the Process of Use of Airports of Civil Aviation Ukraine]. In : Hihiiena naselenykh mists [Hygiene of Populated Places]. Kyiv ; 2018 ; 68 : 142-146 (in Ukrainian). DOI : https://doi.org/10.32402/hygiene2018.68.142
5. Nikitina N.H., Barkevich V.A., Dumanskiy V.Yu. Elektromagnitnye polya radiolokatsionnykh sistem: problema, reshenie [Electromagnetic Fields of Radar Systems: Problem, Solution]. In : Elektromagnitnaya sovmestimost tekhnicheskikh sredstv i elektromagnitnaya bezopasnost : mater. 9-y ross. nauchno-tekhn. konf. [Electromagnetic Compatibility of Technical Means and Electromagnetic Safety: Mater. 9th Russian Scientific and Technical Conf.]. Sankt-Peterburg ; 2006 (in Russian).