Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 70, 2020   -   Pages: 22-33
STATE REGULATION OF THE SIZES OF SANITARY PROTECTION ZONES WHEN PLACING MODERN CAR FILLING STATIONS IN RESIDENTIAL TERRITORIES
A.M. Serdiuk1, V.M. Makhniuk1, I.O. Chernychenko1, O.M. Lytvychenko1, S.M. Mohylnyi1, S.I. Harkavyi2, V.I. Nazarenko3, V.E. Laptev4
1 STATE INSTITUTION O.M. MARZIEIEV INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH NAMSU
2 BOGOMOLETS NATIONAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY
3 STATE INSTITUTION YU.I. KUNDIIEV INSTITUTE FOR OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE, NAMSU
4 STATE ECOLOGICAL ACADEMY OF POSTGRADUATE EDUCATION AND MANAGEMENT OF THE MINISTRY OF ECOLOGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES OF UKRAINE
https://doi.org/10.32402/hygiene2020.70.022

SUMMRY:
The work is devoted to the study of hygienic aspects of automobile filling station location in rural areas in modern conditions in order to minimize the negative impact of AFS on health and living conditions of the population.
A theoretical generalization of the world experience of gas station design and operation was made. New data on the current ecological and hygienic state of design (location) of modern gas stations in Ukraine and their impact on the environment, health and living conditions of the population.
Based on the materials of the work, the hygienic criteria for placing gas stations and their classification have been improved. Classification conditions for the definition of sanitary protection zones for gas stations of different capacity have been developed, which allowed to improve the legal and information-methodological base on hygiene planning and development of settlements in the design of gas stations of different types and capacities and develop a new SPZ standard for gas stations and filling stations.
On the basis of the conducted researches the differentiated approach is offered and the procedure of the decision of questions concerning placement of gas stations in the territory of settlements is developed.

KEYWORDS:
automobile filling stations, environment contamination, harmful pollutants, sanitary-and-epidemiological assessment, risk assessment, sanitary protection zone.

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